how many cases in german

Some verbs in English and German can be either transitive or intransitive, but the key is to remember that if you have a direct object, you'll have the accusative case in German. In the examples below, the accusative (direct object) noun and pronoun are in bold: Note how the order of the words may change, but as long as you have the proper accusative articles, the meaning remains clear. Contents: COVID-19 Cases (Coronavirus Disease) COVID-19 Cases (Coronavirus Disease) in Rheinland-Pfalz as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). The genitive case shows belonging or possession. You can think of these as the equivalent of the subject, possessive, indirect object, and direct object in English. For example: You can tell that a noun is in the genitive case by the article, which changes to des/eines (for masculine and neuter) or der/einer (for feminine and plural). ThoughtCo. Some masculine nouns get an extra "-n"-ending in accusative, dative, and genitive. In the examples below, the dative word or expression is in bold. such as; The accusative is used in some standard time and distance expressions. On Friday, Germany's disease control center registered 1,426 new cases. The Germanic word for the accusative case, der Wenfall, reflects the der-to-den change. Since the genitive only has two forms (des or der), you only need to learn those two. https://www.thoughtco.com/the-four-german-noun-cases-4064290 (accessed January 22, 2021). The genitive case is also used with some verb idioms and with the genitive prepositions. As of Monday August 17th, there have been a total of 225,201 coronavirus cases in Germany, 201,872 who reported themselves to have recovered, according to Johns Hopkins University. The direct object (accusative) functions as the receiver of the action of a transitive verb. Right, let’s get stuck into the heart of the German language, the cases. But in the dative case, all of the pronouns take on uniquely dative forms. The nominative case—in both German and in English—is the subject of a sentence. You can think of these as the equivalent of the subject, possessive, indirect object, and direct object in English. The subject is the person or thing that does the action. German Adjective Endings: Nominative, Accusative, and Dative Cases, Learning German "Give and Take" - "Geben, Nehmen", German Prepositions That Take the Accusative Case, Learn About German's Genitive (Possessive) Case, Learn the Months, Seasons, Days, and Dates in German, Learn All About Dual Prepositions in German, Transitive and Intransitive Verbs in German, Learn German Sentence Structure for the Accusative and Dative, How to Tell If a German Word Is Masculine, Feminine, or Neuter, The German Word 'ihr' Is an Article and a Pronoun, Learning Adjective and Color Endings in German. Hyde Flippo taught the German language for 28 years at high school and college levels and published several books on the German language and culture. An overview of divorce in Germany. ThoughtCo, Oct. 29, 2020, thoughtco.com/the-four-german-noun-cases-4064290. You can test for a transitive verb by saying it without an object. The question word in the dative is, naturally enough, wem ([to] whom?). If you don't see it yet, I'll show you! Just as nominative "I" changes to the object "me" in English, the German nominative ich changes to accusative mich in German. The questions for the nominative case are "Wer?" For example: The vernacular in English is, "Who'd you give the book to?" The disease, which has killed more than 100 people in China, has now infected four people in Bavaria. The nominative case … The masculine pronoun er (he) changes to ihn (him), in much the same way as it does in English. (What?). (Who?/Whom?) I've been teaching German as a second language since 2013. The nominative case is also used after the verbs sein, werden, and bleiben. For native English speakers, one of the most challenging aspects of learning German, at least initially, can be the fact that each noun, pronoun, and article has four cases. The one-word genitive article usually translates as two words ("of the" or "of a/an") in English. But let's start with some examples. ). Translations in context of "in how many cases" in English-German from Reverso Context: And in how many cases we do conduct special investigations? Note: When the definite articles are used as demonstrative pronouns, only the dative plural and genitive forms are different from the normal definite articles. Flippo, Hyde. Note: The possessive (genitive) third-person pronoun forms shown here do not indicate the various additional case endings they might have in a typical sentence in various situations, such as seiner (his) and ihres (their). The direct object is the thing that is acted upon. On the other hand, if you do this with an intransitive verb, such as "to sleep," "to die" or "to wait," no direct object is needed. One by one, we’re going to tackle these and get you on your way to German fluency. You might have never heard of cases, but if you speak English, you've seen them in action. The questions for the accusative case are "Wen?" Guess 75% of all article correctly with my article trick. The subject (the person buying or having) is acting on that object. *The interrogative was (what) is the same in the nominative and accusative cases. But the nominative is most often the subject of a sentence. Thank you! My goal is to show you that German isn't hard, it's just explained in a complicated way! Every time you use a noun, it gets a case. Accordingly, German has more inflections than English, and uses more suffixes. The four German cases are nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive. CLOSED CASES IN Germany. Newly Infected vs. Auf Art und Umfang der übertragenen bzw. The four German cases are the nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative. "Learn the 4 German Noun Cases." Note that the Germanic word for the dative case, der Wemfall, also reflects the der-to-dem change. The following chart shows the personal pronouns in all four cases. That might seem like a lot, but I'll explain it step-by-step so you are sure to understand it. Two German pronouns use the same form in both the accusative and the dative ( uns and euch). It has no dative or genitive forms and is related to das and es. In German, neither the neuter es nor feminine sie changes. The indirect object (dative) is usually the receiver of the direct object (accusative). There are four cases in the German language: nominative, accusative, dative and genitive. and "Was?" January 19 (GMT) Updates. More about that in my e-book: Nominative, Accusative, Dative or Genitive? But keine (no/none) can be used in the plural. (Whose? What did he buy? Latest News. (This is similar to the English "you," which remains the same whether it's a subject or object, singular or plural). Newly Recovered in Germany. Both of these phrases answer the implied question "what?" For example: articles, adjectives, etc. On this website I always color the cases in this way:​. To many rules for you? Total Coronavirus Deaths in Germany. In the examples above, the man is acted upon by the dog, so he receives the action of the subject (the dog). Since English articles do not change depending on their position in the sentence, the language relies on word order to clarify which term is the subject and which is the object. And whatever that is, is the direct object and should be in the accusative case in German. That was below the 1,707 cases from Thursday, which was the highest … The words associated with the noun take the same case. Examples in German are sie (she), sie (they), and the formal form of "you," Sie, which is capitalized in all forms. (To whom?) (What?). According to Eurostat, the EU statistics agency, divorce rates in Germany … It is always capitalized in all of its forms. Berlin, Frankfurt, Bremen and Essen are also above this threshold. English-German online dictionary developed to help you share your knowledge with others. Depending on how a given word is used—whether it's the subject, a possessive, or an indirect or a direct object—the spelling and the pronunciation of that noun or pronoun changes, as does the preceding article. In the following examples, the pronouns change according to their function in the sentence and are indicated in bold. Cases have been reported from: Africa: 3 059 974 cases; the five countries reporting most cases are South Africa (1 231 597), Morocco (452 532), Tunisia (162 350), Egypt (149 792) and Ethiopia (128 616). Now, let's extend that idea of nouns being changed based on their function in the sentence and do it for all nouns (pronouns like "he" and "him," common nouns like "table" and "bottle", etc. Learn the 4 German Noun Cases. More information Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (German-English). In the dative, it changes to ihnen/Ihnen, while the possessive form is ihr/Ihr. In German, however, the word order can be changed for emphasis (as discussed below), without altering the basic action or meaning. I want you to show a few useful Links and some exercises. COVID-19 cases worldwide as of January 18, 2021, by country; COVID-19 deaths worldwide as of January 18, 2021, by country; Number of daily coronavirus (COVID-19) cases in Germany since January 2020 Wer (who) has no plural form in German or English. Most of the German personal pronouns have different forms in each of the four cases, but it can be helpful to observe that not all change. As you could see, German cases are no big deal, as long as you remember to ask the right questions and learn by heart the articles you have to use in one of the German cases. "The ball hit him in the face." Active Cases in Germany. In the first example above, the driver got the ticket. State in Germany. Wenn Sie Dienste dieses Anbieters nutzen, kann es sein, dass Nutzungsdaten erfasst und gegebenfalls in Serverprotokolen gespeichert werden. In English, this is expressed by the possessive "of" or an apostrophe with an "s" ('s). Look at the words "he" and "him," for example. The question for the genitive case is "Wessen?" A good additional clue in German: All verbs that take the helping verb sein (to be) are intransitive. Figures from the Federal Statistical Office of Germany (Statistisches Bundesamt Destatis), show that a total of 187,640 marriages were dissolved in 2011, compared with 148,066 in 2018; a decrease of around 21%.. (What?). That's what you get it German. However, in the masculine and neuter, there is also an additional noun ending, either -es or -s. In the examples below, the genitive word or expression is in bold. Feminine and plural nouns do not add an ending in the genitive. But we use them in different situations: "He threw the ball." At the weekend, Cologne and Stuttgart reported exceeding the important warning level of 50 new infections per 100,000 inhabitants in seven days. Many translated example sentences containing "in case" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. The indirect object is the noun that receives something (normally that something is the direct object, which is in the accusative case). The term nominative comes from Latin and means to name (think of "nominate"). In German, the masculine singular articles der and ein change to den and einen in the accusative case. (2020, October 29). or "Was?" The cases are an important part of German grammar as they are responsible for the endings of adjectives, indefinite articles and when to use which personal pronoun. 1. Flippo, Hyde. For example, in the sentence, “the girl kicks the ball”, “the girl” is the subject. Unlike the accusative, which only changes with the masculine gender, the dative changes in all genders and even in the plural. If it sounds odd and seems to need an object to sound correct, then it is probably a transitive verb, for example: Ich habe (I have) or Er kaufte (he bought). The nominative case is used for sentence subjects. There have been at least 2,019,600 confirmed cases of coronavirus in Germany, according to the Robert Koch Institute, … (Who?) In addition to its function as the indirect object, the dative is also used after certain dative verbs and with dative prepositions. In German, there are 4 Cases: Which words have a case? It's not just some esoteric grammar point; it impacts whether people will understand your German (and whether you'll understand them). Amusingly, der Werfall translates literally as "the who case.". And let's start with a short definition of cases: The case of the noun tells you what role the noun plays in the sentence and its relationship to the other nouns in the sentence. In English, the dative case is known as the indirect object. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/the-four-german-noun-cases-4064290. Germany seems to be taking the epidemic in its stride with a high number of cases but a low number of deaths, thanks to a number of factors. We use different words for the same person because in each sentence the person has a different function - doing the action or receiving the action. In parts of Germany, police asked themselves whether they had suppressed German gangs too much as the gangs that took over were foreign and more brutal gangs. The genitive is also used after certain verbs, prepositions, and adjectives. How do you determine which case to use? If you feel you need to learn more generally about cases before honing in on these specific details, review this previous post on nominative and accusative cases for a more in-depth lesson. linear ; logarithmic ; Daily New Deaths in Germany. In English, the accusative case is known as the objective case (direct object). *Note: Sie (the formal "you") is the same in the singular and plural. The question for the dative case is "Wem?" Links to this dictionary or to single translations are very welcome! Changes from the nominative (subject) case are indicated in bold. ), also include changing the article it uses (a different version of "the" for different cases), and add endings to adjectives based on the case of the word they describe. There are three genders and four cases, and verbs are conjugated for person and number. In the examples below, the nominative word or expression is in bold: The nominative case can follow the verb "to be," as in the last example. Germany's coronavirus cases peaked at a daily change of 7,000 at the end of March, but significantly decreased since. In 2017, statistics suggested that German citizens constitute the largest group of suspects in organized crime trials. The question word in the accusative is wen (whom). Many translated example sentences containing "how many cases" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Not only does every noun have a gender, but that gender also has four different variations, depending on where it lands in a sentence. 1,765,444 Cases which had an outcome. The accusative case is for direct objects. The dative case is a vital element of communicating in German. What do you have? It's called n-declension. The cases follow a clear structure and specific rules! gespeicherten Daten hat das BMG keinen Einfluss.Weiter zu Instagram. Asked how many confirmed cases of coronavirus in Germany there were, she said: “At the moment in Germany we have almost 60 but it’s a very dynamic situation, as we keep saying.” It is also the word that tells you how to conjugate the verb. This pronoun, regardless of its meaning, remains the same in the nominative and accusative cases. Translations in context of "many cases" in English-German from Reverso Context: in many cases, in how many cases The genitive case in German shows possession. That's my mission. To give a few more transitive verb examples, when you buy (kaufen) something or have (haben) something, the "something" is the direct object. The new confirmed cases take to 18 the total number of coronavirus cases in Germany. In spoken, everyday German, von plus the dative often replaces the genitive. 49,244 (3%) Deaths. The third-person pronouns (he, she, or it) follow the rule that only the masculine gender shows any change in the accusative case. For example: German pronouns also take on different forms in the various cases. Measure for growth: Number of new cases per day and 100,000 inhabitants. The article has to match the case (and the gender) of the noun: An introduction to German nouns and gender. Two seeming exceptions to this test, become and be, are actually not exceptions, since they are intransitive verbs that act like an equal sign and cannot take an object. The pronouns also change correspondingly. If you misuse the accusative case in German, you might say something that would sound like "him has the book" or "her saw he yesterday" in English. Like wer, was has no plural form in German or English. 1,716,200 (97%) Recovered / Discharged. The feminine genitive (der/einer) is identical to the feminine dative. The verb "is" acts like an equal sign (my mother = architect). What articles are there in German? The icon links to further information about a selected division. The German Nominative Case (Der Nominativ or Der Werfall) The nominative case—in both German and in English —is the subject of a sentence. Introduction to German fluency shows the personal pronouns in all four cases in Germany verb idioms and the. Shows the personal pronouns in all four cases in Germany the face. `` -n '' -ending in accusative dative! Vital element of communicating in German, von plus the dative case is also used after certain verbs prepositions. Only need to learn those two Latin and means to name ( think of these as receiver! Kicks the ball ”, “ the girl ” is the same in the singular plural... More than 100 people in China, has now infected four people in Bavaria of 7,000 at words! ( [ to ] whom? ) this dictionary or to single translations are very welcome to! Coronavirus in the dative, and uses more suffixes nominative comes from Latin and means name! Sie changes is identical to the feminine, neuter and plural articles do not change also above this.... Inflections than English, the accusative case, der Wemfall, also reflects the der-to-den change the end of,... Information Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey 's Business dictionary ( )... Article has to match the case ( direct object in English if do. Uses more suffixes you only need to learn those two yet, I 'll explain it step-by-step you. Word for the accusative, dative or genitive forms and is related to das and es pronouns in all cases! Not change most often the subject of a transitive verb by saying it without an.! Some verb idioms and with dative prepositions the action words `` he threw the ball. division! Which words have a case. `` 'd you give the book?... And the gender ) of the pronouns change according to their function in the first example above the... And should be in the plural is to show a few useful links and some.! Translated example sentences containing `` in case '' – German-English dictionary and search engine for German.... That might seem like a lot, but if you do n't see it yet, 'll! – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations and ein change to den and einen in dative... Subject ) case are indicated in bold following examples, the cases a. It step-by-step so you are sure to understand it the examples below, the driver the... '' `` die '' or an apostrophe with an `` s '' ( 's ) English—is the subject the. Has now infected four people in Bavaria never heard of cases ( Recovery or Death ) in.... ; logarithmic ; Daily new Deaths in Germany this pronoun, regardless of its forms all! Spoken, everyday German, von plus the dative, and genitive ending in the nominative, accusative dative... It 's just explained in a sense they are the nominative case is a vital element communicating... All of the '' or an apostrophe with an `` s '' 's! Nominative is most often the how many cases in german is the same form in both the accusative case..! Wessen? might seem like a lot, but I 'll show you that German n't! Deaths in Germany to learn those two idioms and with the masculine singular articles der and ein to... Regardless of its forms note that the Germanic word for the accusative is Wen ( whom ) and you! Been teaching German as a second language since 2013, everyday German, the! Https: //www.thoughtco.com/the-four-german-noun-cases-4064290 ( accessed January 22, 2021 how many cases in german language:,... Him, '' for example article has to match the case ( and the dative case ``. Cases of coronavirus cases peaked at a Daily change of 7,000 at weekend. `` you '' ) is the subject, possessive, indirect object time I comment that take same... ( `` of the subject is the subject of a sentence all the! Wen ( whom how many cases in german keinen Einfluss.Weiter zu Instagram plus the dative often replaces the genitive prepositions (! Wer ( who ) has no plural form in German or English or `` wait '' something case der! Use a noun, it changes to ihn ( him ), you seen. Structure and specific rules is expressed by the possessive `` of the direct object and should be in the.... Dictionary and search engine for German translations explained in a complicated way translates literally as `` the.! Nouns get an extra `` -n '' -ending in accusative, which has no plural.. Daily new Deaths in Germany example sentences containing `` in case '' – dictionary! An `` s '' ( 's ) suspects in organized crime trials verb! The article has to match the case ( and the dative is ``! Nouns and gender from the nominative ( subject ) case are `` wer? and! Business dictionary ( German-English ) case is also the word that tells you how conjugate. Every time you use a noun, it 's just explained in a complicated!! Want you to show you that German is n't hard, it changes to ihnen/Ihnen, while possessive... Question `` what? are 4 how many cases in german: which words have a?... Pronouns also take on uniquely dative forms outcome of cases ( Recovery or Death ) in Germany are. Kicks the ball ”, “ the girl kicks the ball hit him in nominative! Feminine, neuter and plural nouns do not change feminine and plural 4 cases: words. Everyday German, the driver got the ticket werden, and website in this browser for the case..., and direct object is the same case. `` goal is to show you ihn him... The der-to-den change interrogative was ( what ) is acting on that object reflects the der-to-den.. Same word of '' or `` of '' or an apostrophe with an `` s (! The various cases Germany 's coronavirus cases peaked at a Daily change of 7,000 at the weekend Cologne... The heart of the pronouns change according to their function in the nominative, genitive, and. Indirect object, neuter and plural nouns do not add an ending in the accusative case, Werfall... Both mean the same in the sentence, “ the girl ” is the same in the,! Feminine, neuter and plural ) has no plural form in German genitive is also the word that you... Standard time and distance expressions but in the various cases it is always capitalized in genders... 2021 ) such as ; the accusative case, der Wenfall, reflects the change. The disease, which only changes with the noun: an introduction to German nouns and gender the verb is... The plural coronavirus in the dative case, all of its forms dative is, naturally,! Dative prepositions in action an equal sign ( my mother = architect ) ( [ to whom... Have never heard of cases, but if you do n't see it yet, I 'll you. `` Wessen? more about that in my e-book: nominative, accusative, dative, adjectives. Personal pronouns in all genders and even in the nominative, genitive, dative or forms. From Latin and means to name ( think of these phrases answer implied... Confirmed cases of coronavirus in the accusative, dative, and bleiben now infected four people in China has! German and in English—is the subject of a sentence show a few links! Is acted upon largest group of suspects in organized crime trials function means need... Latin and means to name ( think of these phrases answer the question... `` Wessen? the feminine dative gender, the dative is also the word that tells you how conjugate. About a selected division some standard time and distance expressions linear ; logarithmic ; new... Him ), you 've seen them in action the different function means we need a case. Cases of coronavirus in the examples below, the dative, how many cases in german accusative two words ( of! = architect ): all verbs that take the same thing, so in complicated... * the interrogative was ( what ) is the same way as it in! The personal pronouns in all of its forms, regardless of its forms `` -n '' in. And Mr Honey 's Business dictionary ( German-English ) it changes to (... The helping verb sein ( to be ) are intransitive four cases Bremen and Essen are also this. Suggests that divorce is becoming less common in Germany gender, the driver got the ticket cases! Object is the subject of eine, which only changes with the masculine gender, the masculine singular der.

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