removal of confederate monuments essay

The purpose of this essay is to explore the ethical implications of efforts to remove Confederate Monuments from a public policy perspective. AMA], Dec. 1863, American Missionary (Mar., 1864), pp. There is much disdain for the preservation of Confederate Monuments by many organizations, minority groups, and some local and state governments. Coffin, p. 636. Further evidence shows Lee’s disapproval. This legality furthers. As an example, the “Defenders of State, Sovereignty monument in Ft. Mill, South Carolina in 1891 was dedicated by the Jefferson Davis, Memorial Association (JDMA) (Johnson, 2009, p. 1, soldiers that served in the Ft. Mill community” (Johnson, 2009, p.120) which was followed by. John Mitchell, a former slave and the editor of the Richmond Planet in 1890 on the unveiling of, the Robert E. Lee monument in Richmond, V. and should the time come; he will be there to take it down” (Schultz, 2011, p. 1235; Smithers. The question stands under ethical consideration, either to recognize Confederate monuments as. earlier we have discussed both the legal and ethical choices in consideration of Confederate, monuments, we have yet to review the prudential side. THE REMOVAL OF CONFEDERATE MONUMENTS Imagine walking into a school everyday, who portrays the name of a Confederate soldier that ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. He enlisted as a chaplain with the Western Sharpshooters, 14th Missouri Vols., on Sept. 10, 1861. III, III, 100-101. Several groups indicate that it’s not the inscription on the, monuments that genuinely represent history, but that the statues are a reminder of the bigotry, hatred, and slavery monuments support (Savage, 1999). Nathans speculates that she feared being removed to a new Cameron plantation in Alabama for some apparent transgression. etc. 27. to help you with essay Hire writer In recent years, there have been many discussions between people, requesting for the removal, relocation, or replacement of monuments which represent confederate officials from the civil war. Pierce to Jocelyn, Apr. For example, Clowney, 2013 ar, procedural requirements that would force jurisdictions to reconsider the discriminatory practices, historical narratives and drive “communities to see the past and future in much more diverse, Confederate Generals” according to Lisa Rosenberg of the W, for example, Confederate monuments honoring black veterans that are proposed for South, Carolina Statehouse memorializes hero’s vs bigotry, The reality of these arguments is based on how we as. First, that. Pain and its treatment in outpatients with metastatic cancer. III, Vol. 67-68; Levi Coffin speaks of 6000, but no one else mentions more than 3000. Olds to Whipple, June 9, 1863, AMA. For example, in some countries, the majority accepts the ethical practice of a. man having more than one wife, while in others it does not. Secondly, we consider the past ef, Next, we examine the current state of removal. To rescue her children, Mary, with the aid of the Lesleys, pursued various plans, including hiring an agent, James Price, to orchestrate a slave rescue and later writing directly to Mildred Cameron. Eaton to Jocelyn, May 18, 1863, Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, R.G. Where does it stop, President Trump asked, referring to the increasing outcry against Confederate monuments. contribute to ethical adult education practice. 1. 13, quoted ibid., pp. For a reiteration of this point, see Halleck to Grant, Jan. 19, 1863, OR, Ser. That is, honoring Confederate leaders while. Jones traces the origins of the liberality of the court to the idealistic fervor of the revolutionary era and Kentucky's political geography, namely, its border with the free state of Ohio at the Ohio River which the author misidentifies as the Mississippi River. 25, 1863, OR, Ser. Removing Confederate Monuments, The Ethical Debate, Starting with the murder by Dylann Roof in Charleston, South Carolina of nine African, American parishioners at Emanuel African Methodist, symbols of hate, bigotry, top of the State Capitol in South Carolina and the monument of Jefferson Davis at the Jeff Davis, Parkway and Canal Street in New Orleans (Buffington, 2017). Seven years later, she passed away. Many want to tear them down, others want to keep them up and some want them to be moved to museums. 15. How do we explain to the descendants of slaves and Union ancestry that statues of, Nathan Bedford Forrest deserve the same eternal infamy as Frederick Douglas or Sojourner, Simply put, historical use of Confederate monuments is acceptable to the status quo rather than, actions design to compensate for the removal and or replacement of past symbols of disdain. Three blocks from my childhood home, Mississippi’s second largest Confederate monument stands on the lawn of Greenwood’s Leflore County Courthouse. They were afraid of losing their profits made from using slave labor and, thus, seceded and rebelled against the North. policy makers to make a decision that is both ethical, legal and prudential. According to one, majority of them were built between the 1890’s and the 1950’, the era of Jim Crow segregation” (Elliott, 2017). Church in Charleston, South Carolina, by self-proclaimed white supremacist Dylann Roof. Finally, Confederate Monuments by upholding the argument that these monuments are protected by the, first amendment of freedom of speech. When, we think of unethical situations, we think of the sins of Enron, W, Adelphia, and the Madoff Ponzi scheme. Rules, norms, and decisions: on the conditions of practical and legal, The history of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, Remembering well: Confederate monuments and the ethics of theory, Living Monuments: Confederate Soldiers' Homes in the New South, Standing soldiers, kneeling slaves: Race, war, The International Journal of the History of Sport, Edith D. Pope and Her Nashville Friends: Guar, New pole show how most Americans feel about Confederate Statues, Conservatism and southern intellectuals, 1789-1861: liberty. For descriptions of the Cairo camp, see Levi Coffin, Reminiscences of Levi Coffin . Buffington, M. L. (2017). James M. Alexander, Service Record, R.G. and that the social and economic racism in Richmond is a more significant problem than, removing Confederate monuments. None of these plans worked. there are several that desire their removal. The, Confederate flag also became a symbol of social viewpoints influential southerners promoted, stars represented the fifteen states that were slaveholders and the diagonal part representing a, symbol of strength and progress” (Coski, 2009, p. 5). This description of Corinth is drawn from John Eaton, Report on contrabands in the Dept. Confederate flags see spike after Charlottesville protests. I've spent a good amount of time thinking about this week's toppling of a Confederate statue in my hometown of Durham, N.C. Several Duke University students have written to me asking that, as vice president for student affairs, I send a message celebrating this action as evidence of courageous activism. (2015). is, justice requires us to define the purpose or nature of the social practice in question (Rogers, n.d.). Yet, the significance of the court's liberality is difficult to gauge since, as Jones herself explains, the number of free-black... Grenville M. Dodge: Soldier, Politician, Railroad Pioneer (Bloomington, 1967), p. 62. Quoted in Stanley P. Hirshon, This article examines the commemoration of the American Civil War via the symbolic structure of “fragmented” and “multivocal” commemorative sites. “Our public spaces should not glorify historical policies of hatred and racism,” argues Kevin Kamenetz, executive and president of the Maryland Association of Counties (Eversley 2017). Robertson, Jones speculates, had perhaps concluded that "manumission on a case-by-case basis was the best means of effectuating the eventual abolition of the entire regime" (p. 86). Five figures carved from marble surround the base. 105, National Archives, Mississippi, Letters Sent, 1863, Vol. 620-623; Coffin to S. S. Jocelyn, Dec. 13, 1862, Archives of the American Missionary Association, Amistad Research Center, Dillard University, New Orleans, cited hereafter as AMA; Elizabeth Nicholson, "A Contraband Camp," Indiana History Bulletin, I (Sept., 1924), 134-140. Nathans suggests that Mary Walker’s experiences were “a more wrenching, more protracted, and probably more representative struggle than that of the trio of ex-slave women whose defiance made them heroines” (3). Toppling of a Confederate monument in Durham, N.C. Influenced by the free labor ethos of the North and West and the allure of manufacturing, Kentucky developed into a farming economy of small landholders with less of a stake in slavery than the lower South states. Cited hereafter as BRFAL; Olds to Jocelyn, May 16, 1863, AMA. There is a debate over whether to remove Confederate monuments. These acts may answer the question of “why tragedies, inspire memorials and why others (such as Sullivan Island in Charleston South Carolina or Black. You will read two sources on the Confederacy and two on the statue debate and then synthesize into an argument for or against removing Confederate monuments. the Confederate women and loyal slave’s monument in 1895. The sixth figure, standing on the monument’s pinnacle, is of Gen. Benjamin Grubbs Humphreys, who, despite being removed as Mississippi’s governor in 1868, was celebrated for … 19. Holidays such as, Emancipation and Memorial Day in the former Confederate states where from 1865 to 1915, monuments such as Jefferson Davis “to honor their chieftain who lead the dance in the land, Southern women organized groups to commemorate” the event (Gulley, United Daughters of the Confederacy for example founded in 1894 by Caroline Meriwether, the needs of the soldiers during the Civil W, in 1896 are a group of male veterans that have male members of their family who served in the, Confederate Armed Services that also preserved the memory of the Southern soldier (Rosenbur, Along with Southern designs, Confederate monuments were constructed. After the removal of a statue honoring Robert E. Lee, a general in the Confederate Army considered by many to be a hero for the part he played in the American Civil War, a clear divide has formed over whether it was the right thing to do. Thank you for coming. Everybody knows who won the war. He raises a valid point. It is. 217-219). First, we discuss, the historical use of Confederate symbols. For example, the Confederate flag a top of the State Capitol in South Carolina and the monument of Jefferson Davis at the Jeff Davis Parkway and Canal Street in New Orleans (Buffington, 2017). Perhaps the time has come, to take them down. The litigation involved widowed, slaveholding white men whose substantial bequests to enslaved women and their mixed-race children were contested by white relatives. actively committed in the world today” (Quick, 2017, p. 1). Further, in the evaluation of removing, Confederate Monuments from a public policy standpoint, many contend, laws such as landscape, fairness need to be established. In other disputes of Confederate symbols in, public places, the “Mayor of New Orleans called for the removal by ordinance of the elimination, of several Confederate monuments. 30. For the cover of Fathers of Conscience, Jones chose Thomas Satter-white Noble's The Price of Blood (1868). Eaton to Whipple, Feb. 26, 1863, AMA. This disturbance, included one protester being run over by a car driven by a white supremacist which inflamed the, debate to remove civil war monuments. For example, many. Even with the above information, past efforts to remove Confederate monuments have primarily, been limited. However, it is important to stress that the Civil war which erupted as a result was first and foremost about slavery than about states’ rights. Assignment directions Members of the South Carolina Council of Conservative Citizens protest the removal of the Confederate flag from the State House dome by standing in front of the Confederate monument … (1) If some monument(s) unavoidably harms undeserving people, then there is moral reason to remove that monument. Many believe that “Ultimately, removal of the monuments will, quite literally, erase an unsavory – but important – part of our nation’s history” (Brophy 2015). Unbeknownst to her, Frank, her oldest son, had escaped in 1852. Some scholars see the current waves of activism … The above may answer the question of whether it is, support is due to the increasing acts of violence of those that support or in association with, Confederate Monuments like the Neo-Nazis, the Ku Klux Klan, alt-right, and White Supremacist, removed Confederate Monuments. 60-61. Emergency Disaster Management Training Academies, To Free a Family: The Journey of Mary Walker (review), Fathers of Conscience: Mixed Race Inheritance in the Antebellum South (review), Memory Brokers, Shameful Pasts, and Civil War Commemoration, Conference: The Neely Center for Ethical Leadership and Decision Making. 23. Louisiana appellate court records are, nonetheless, among the dozens of antebellum legal proceedings Jones researched in all but five of the nation's slave states. Her main interest centers on judges who ruled in favor of the right of a testator to bequeath freedom and property to the children they sired by their slaves. McAllen, A. Finally, we deliberate and apply ethical, From a historical perspective, the use of Confederate symbols (Forts, 2002) such as the, Confederate flag adopted in 1861 was initially utilized as a memorial to the Confederate soldier, and served as a symbol of southern pride and esprit de corps on the battlefield (Coski, 2009). (1995). their fundamental liberties, such as equal protection under the law” (Rogers, n.d.). Seeking to steer a "middle ground" between abolitionists and their proslavery opponents, Robertson described slavery as a "curse imposed on our ancestors when in colonial subjection." the dead, but it transitioned into a political statement as resistance toward the North” (Johnson, From an ethical standpoint, Johnson invokes the Ft. Mill dedication of honoring loyal slaves who, stood guard over their slave master’s property while the owner was away at war, mentions honoring groups outside the usual Confederate soldiers such as the Ft. Mill women’s, Other support of Confederate Monuments came from white women of the confederate that, wanted to preserve a Confederate identity, volunteers or as paid employees during the American Civil W, women’s groups to commemorate the Confederacy” (Gully, United Daughters of the Confederacy “help shape public memory in the South” by boosting the, establishment of Confederate Monuments. Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials is an ongoing process in the United States since the 1960s. The portrait is curiously at odds with the book's title. For two years, she lived in the relatively safe haven of Philadelphia. For example, the Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, P. Beauregard, and the Liberty Place Monument” (Strother, Piston, & Ogorzalek, 2017, p. 1). Coffin, Reminiscences, p. 637. REMOVAL OF CONFEDERATE COMMEMORATIVE WORKS 7 SEC. She, starts by saying, “Confederate monuments in South Carolina began as a communal way to mourn. Also, the building of these monuments, creates a negative environment. He further contends, for the opposition to have these monuments removed, an argument, would have to be made “to prove that these monuments message or inscription threatens one of. 13, 1863, AMA. American Indian group calls for the removal of Helena’s Confederate Monument, http://helenair.com/news/local/american-indian-group-calls-for-removal-of-helena-s-, confederate/article_3e3f0085-7cd0-5466-908d-8b92a56b6cfb.html. When illness began to debilitate one of the Cameron daughters, Mildred, the family sought medical assistance every summer, from 1846 to 1848, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 20. The above may answer, the inquiry of how people view violence and tragedy over an extended period and develop a, While there are many arguments in support of keeping the Confederate Monuments, equally. The controversy came about in June of 2015, when South Carolina, the first state to secede from the union, pulled the Confederate … The Confederate monuments must be removed because the research shows that these Confederate monuments celebrate White supremacy, prove of acts of terrorism against the slaves as well as honor the Confederate individuals or figures that committed many moral wrongs. D. Do Confederate monuments reflect the ethical values of today’s. “empirical studies show race remains a significant social category of perception” (Clowney. Roof’s connection to the contentious flag by the picture and his claim, “They are taking, over” gave fuel to the fire in the resurgence of the NAACP’, call for the eradication of the flag (McAllen, 2015). Contesting the master narrative: The, Starnes, R. D. (1996). However, the Confederate flag was not, only an emblem of pride but also was known for other viewpoints predominate Southerners. A North Carolina law passed in 2015 prohibits the removal of these monuments, ... White elites showed their thanks by erecting Confederate monuments. 31. Many municipalities in the United States have removed monuments and memorials on public property dedicated to the Confederate States of America (CSA), and some, such as Silent Sam in North Carolina, have been torn down by protestors. Ianinska, S., & Garcia-Zamor, J. C. (2006). She committed herself instead to helping freed people, traveling to the South Carolina Sea Islands to provide aid. Stanton to Thomas, Mar. With the removal of the statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee from Lee Circle in New Orleans, the debate on Confederate symbols has sparked once again. A decision is ethical depending on the core values the majority of society holds dear (Josephson, & Hanson, 2002). Resource Managers of Parks, Cultural Sites, and Protected Places: Florida as a Case Study. Eaton to Whipple, Feb. 26, 1863, AMA. Upon learning of patriarch Duncan Cameron’s death, she embarked upon her journey to free her enslaved children. One author makes an argument that Confederate monuments should not be demonized as racist, for three reasons., subjective opinion, teleological reasoning, and protection of the first, amendment, Schedler, 2001 as cited by Rogers, n.d. That is opinion of observers that don’, understand the true meaning of the monument. 7. https://conciliarpost.com/politics-current-events/remembering-well-confederate-monuments-, who-deserve-monuments-more-than-any-confederate-general/?utm_term=.cfbe78185d8b, Sanchez, J., & Moore, K. R. (2015). Combine them into an argument for or against removing Confederate monuments. Darkwah, K. Professor Cales UNIV112–Focused Inquiry II 5 May 2016 Unit III, http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/348244-alabama-community-unveils-new-. However, when we consider the morality of. Kutz, C. (2015). This disturbance included one protester being run over by a car driven by a white supremacist which inflamed the debate to remove civil war monuments. the Confederacy that is unethical (Rogers, 2016, p.3)? The soul of our beloved City is deeply rooted in a history that has evolved over thousands of years; rooted in a diverse people who have been here together [JB emphasis] every step of the way — for both good and for ill. Thus, white male slaveholders' personal property rights trumped statutory protection of human property in chattel slavery. 12. Should we remove Confederate monuments? 3 This mythic history views slavery as a benevolent system and argues that the Civil War was fought over states’ rights. 9. AMA], Dec. 1863 [sic ], American Missionary (Mar. I. However, most Richmond residents oppose removing Confederate, Kristina Dunn Johnson likewise contends that Confederate monuments are away to grieve for the, fallen soldiers along with The United Daughters of the Confederacy, Confederate monuments act as figures of racism and segregation. Stanton to Gen. Tuttle, Oct. 13, 1862, The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (Washington, 1880-1901), Ser. Although these factors have some joint, degrees, just because a decision is ethical doesn’t make it legal, nor is a decision legal because it. 21. All rights reserved. Pierce to Jocelyn, Apr. My Body Is a Confederate Monument,” I hoped that it would open, or even … The South Carolina State House and the Confederate Flag. the difficulty in removing Confederate monuments. ; several sources mention approximately 2500—see Toledo Blade, May 26, 1863, and Carruthers to [Secy. shameful aberrations or as historical monuments of valor. The removal of monuments to Stalin and Lenin lifted the weight of the memory of oppression, allowing the Czech people to begin to imagine a new direction for their nation. 3 Another issue with the statues are the actual subjects monumentalized. 26-27. 28. Schultz, J. contemplated, my conviction is, that however grateful it would be to the feelings of the South, the attempt in the present condition of the Country, would have the ef, accelerating its accomplishment. Slaves were the basis of the Southern economy at that time. Paternal Love In Cormac Mccarthy's The Road, Formalism : The Rocking Horse Winner, And Annie Dillard 's Essay, Living Like Weasels, Analysis Of The Novel ' 1984 ' By George Orwell, The American Dream In Jeannette Walls's The Glass Castle. 15, Nov. 11, 1862, quoted in Eaton, Grant, p. 5. 2013, p. 2). 442. That is the consequences vs. the universally accepted moral, In the argument of keeping Confederate Monuments, Schedler assumes four things. For example, “selective and misleading versions of the past in, solid material form, through the renaming of parks, streets, monuments, and buildings that, Confederate Monuments influence decision making by the societies that create them and further, give a one-sided view of the moral and ethical decisions that are made. , been limited Writing in the argument of keeping these each carries significant analogies our... May 26, 1863, and former T. Governor James Stephen Hogg ( Allen, 2017, 73! How to avoid repeating the utilized periodicals to convey their context and tragedy over an extended and... Media has been what to do otherwise, they reasoned, `` would destroy property rights statutory. Purport to solve any of these issues... each carries significant analogies to our debate over whether to Confederate... 2016 Unit III, http: //helenair.com/news/local/american-indian-group-calls-for-removal-of-helena-s-, confederate/article_3e3f0085-7cd0-5466-908d-8b92a56b6cfb.html the Lesley–Walker friendship is but one example of the American War... Abolition since `` no act or policy of man can change the purpose of God '' ( 154..., Albert Sidney Johnston, former U.S Jan. 9, 1864 ), pp Walker is assistant Professor history... Ethical, legal scholar Alfred Brophy believes it would Confederate historical Memory ( Starnes, R. (! Them up and what we learned in history classes what the Confederacy is. Who-Deserve-Monuments-More-Than-Any-Confederate-General/? utm_term=.cfbe78185d8b, Sanchez, J. c. ( 2006 ) ianinska, S., & Hanson, )! And economic racism in Richmond is a debate over whether to remove.... Who did not want to keep humans as property is deserving of modern honor Study... Helping freed people, traveling to the South Carolina policy can affect influence. S monument in 1904 by the, first amendment of freedom of speech [... She embarked upon her journey to free her enslaved children utm_term=.cfbe78185d8b, Sanchez, J. c. 2006... To make a decision that is the removal of Confederate monuments paper by argument, not by.! Also, the 66th. the universally accepted moral, in 1832 recognize Confederate monuments justice requires to! Death, she embarked upon her journey to free her enslaved children its... Injuries and, the Confederate soldiers were the separatists who did not want to down. The debate involves what the Confederacy stood for La Vergne High School in Charleston, South Carolina consideration... Of minorities ( Gilmore, 2013 ) these as a gesture of unfairness been what do. Daughters of the camp 's population seem to have survived saying, “ Confederate monuments from public... By source s monument in 1895 chaplain with the Western Sharpshooters, 14th Missouri Vols., on Sept.,... A communal way to mourn Foote, 2003, p. 1 ) stands under ethical consideration either! For they are monuments that represent the institutionalization of racism ( Starnes, R. D. 2016. Of removing or keeping of Confederate symbols assisting us in answering the above questions, we review the ethical of! Eaton, Grant, Jan. 19, 1863, mann Papers, Library of Congress and racism! Also, the 66th. they are monuments that represent the institutionalization of racism, is. The emblems stir up, strife and discontent as a gesture of unfairness expressed antislavery sympathies had! Monuments is the consequences vs. the universally accepted moral, in the of., creates a negative environment that “ portrayed Robert E. Lee, Sidney... An 1847 Pennsylvania law opened the possibility for her to claim legal freedom are the exception ; for are..., Starnes, R. D. ( 1996 ) of debate of removal of confederate monuments essay they be! Primarily on cases in Kentucky, Mississippi, and protected places: Florida as a Case Study to embrace sides... Actively committed in the Dept of ef or removing Confederate monuments reflect the ethical implications efforts! `` ( Horn, 2015 ) a shield against progress but must be removed her oldest son, had in... 2015 ) E. Lee, J E.B for or against removing removal of confederate monuments essay monuments continue to be implemented opened! Profits made from using slave labor and, the Confederate women and mixed-race..., Jan. 19, 1863, AMA toxic waste as regards the of! No one else mentions more than likely be the best decision making due to acted without authorization according Hirshon., 62 % of the meaning of their, 1885 ), pp to obey country. Who endeavored to obliterate the marks of Civil strife... `` ( Horn, 2015 ) contrabands in the States.: //conciliarpost.com/politics-current-events/remembering-well-confederate-monuments-, who-deserve-monuments-more-than-any-confederate-general/? utm_term=.cfbe78185d8b, Sanchez, J. c. ( 2006 ) speculates that she being. By the “ Daughters of the Civil War within a shame-centered framework amendment of of... Friendship... Register of the Southern historical Society http: //helenair.com/news/local/american-indian-group-calls-for-removal-of-helena-s-, confederate/article_3e3f0085-7cd0-5466-908d-8b92a56b6cfb.html, many do. Record ; Alexander, Aug. 6, 1864, Alexander, Pension Record, R.G the best decision due. To enslaved women and loyal slave ’ s wife, and Carruthers to [ Secy Vergne! Actively committed in the United States Army Commands, R.G friendship... of. Case Study of losing their profits made from using slave labor and the! One example of the below inquiries ( Foote, 2003 ) 1864, Alexander, Record! Not purport to solve any of these monuments are protected by the “ Daughters of the at... Death, she lived in the relatively safe haven of Philadelphia legal freedom act or policy of can! According to Cleeland, 1994, as quoted by Clowney American Civil War within a shame-centered.! To think of the Southern economy at that time church in Charleston South! Illinois one, the Southern economy at that time debate over whether to remove Confederate monuments basis! Confederate women and loyal slave ’ s wife, and Carruthers to [ Secy in chattel slavery stands under consideration... As BRFAL ; Olds to Whipple, Feb. 26, 1863, Records the... At that time or fourteen, she escaped South from Y of Confederate,... Is an important step to a racist past is an important step to racist! Option is to legislate the removal of Confederate symbols narrative: the, first amendment of freedom of.! To be their biggest concern Hogg ( removal of confederate monuments essay, 2017 ), Nov. 11,,. Separatists who did not want to remember each event issues... each carries significant analogies to our over! Lesley expressed antislavery sympathies but had not joined the radical abolition Movement her to claim freedom. No one else mentions more than 3000 the Confederate Flag Cleeland, 1994, as quoted Clowney... Clay of Lexington, Jones chose Thomas Satter-white Noble 's the Price of Blood ( 1868 ) to Whipple Feb.. Is no different we look at Confederate statues is influenced by where we up! Profits made from using slave labor and, thus, seceded and rebelled against the North, President Donald,... P. 1 ) instead to helping freed people, traveling to the,! Devoted to the U.S., the historical use of Confederate monuments in the Washington,... Men whose substantial bequests to enslaved women and their mixed-race children were contested by white relatives,,!, Reminiscences of Levi Coffin others are ignored ( Foote, 2003, p. )! `` no act or policy of man can change the purpose of this point, see to! Ama ], American Missionary ( Mar Record, R.G of Congress person fought!, AMA to our debate over whether to remove Confederate monuments have primarily, been limited oppose the removal Confederate.... and present, is identified, placing the commemoration process, both past ). The marks of Civil strife... `` ( Horn, 2015 ) be noted, that certain Confederate monuments it... 6, 1864 ), I, 424-425 a benevolent system and argues that Confederate! Requires us to define the purpose of God '' ( p. 154 ) the United States Army Commands R.G... Deliberate and apply ethical arguments to Confederate symbols purpose of this essay will not purport to solve any these... Race remains a significant social category of perception ” ( Clowney, 1862 Vol... 1869 was devoted to the South Carolina ’ s request to move Confederate statue thirtieth birthday, lived. The U.S. regarding Confederate monuments in South Carolina ’ s wife, and some local and state governments Lesley antislavery! Any references for this reason, legislation constructed to safeguard progressive change needs to be to! National Archives, Mississippi, Letters Sent, 1862, Records of the United States Army Commands R.G... Stood for allows symbols of hate and swastikas under freedom of speech S., Moore! Debate involves what the Confederacy that is both ethical, legal and prudential the basis of the,. Without authorization according to Cleeland, 1994, as quoted by Clowney join researchgate to find the and. Service Record ; Alexander, Pension Record, R.G La Vergne High.! Grand, opposed a monument as is slaveholders ' personal property rights trumped statutory protection of human in! Would destroy property rights trumped statutory protection of human property in chattel slavery Whig coalition into one of the and... Basis of the United States Army Commands, R.G the current state removal... To be an Illinois one, the Southern historical Society 5 May 2016 III... E Lee a hot topic of debate of whether Confederate monuments by upholding argument... House and the Confederate historical monuments of valor the College of William and.... A decision that is the removal of the American Civil War heroes such as equal protection the... It should be noted, that certain Confederate monuments social and economic racism in is... A Case Study that she feared being removed to a New Cameron plantation in Alabama some... Injuries and, the Grand, opposed a monument as removal of confederate monuments essay by source a Confederate,... Progressive change needs to be a manual for how to avoid repeating the Allen, 2017 removal of confederate monuments essay 202...

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